This article from The Scientist helps basic scientists understand how to secure the rights to their intellectual property (IP).

From the article: "Academic scientists aren’t always so savvy about their intellectual property (IP) rights, and many are uninformed about the importance of securing IP during the course of basic research. Pursuing IP on the technology that one’s lab produces can earn researchers a welcome additional stream of income in the form of licensing royalties, or can even support the founding of a new company based on the technology, but companies or venture capitalists often will not invest in an idea without at least a patent application in the works."

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